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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of inhalate thermal conductivity and high O2 in producing hypothermia.

The effect of an increase in inhalate thermal conductivity and the fraction of inspiratory O2 (FIO2) on the rate of cooling and rewarming using a surface-inhalate heat exchange method was evaluated. Male New Zealand White rabbits were divided into three groups: those ventilated with air, those with 20% O2 + 80% He, and those with 100% O2. All animals were cooled to an esophageal temperature of 22.5 degrees C (or for 180 min maximum). Following a 15-min exposure to room air, the animals were connected to the humidifying and warming system. He-O2 had the highest thermal conductivity and the animals ventilated with it had the fastest cooling rate. One hundred percent O2 and room air had similar thermal conductivities, but the animals ventilated with 100% O2 had significantly lower cooling rates. These data indicate that, while maintaining a constant surface heart exchange, the rate of heat exchange across the lung can be modified by altering the thermal conductivity of the inhalate gas mixture. Total heat exchange can also be modified by hyperoxemia-induced hemodynamic changes.[1]


  1. Effect of inhalate thermal conductivity and high O2 in producing hypothermia. Beran, A.V., Shinto, R.A., Proctor, K.G., Sperling, D.R. Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology. (1979) [Pubmed]
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