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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evaluation of equilibrium constants for the binding of N-acetyl-L-tryptophan to monomeric and dimeric forms of alpha-chymotrypsin.

The binding of N-acetyl-tryptophan to the monomeric and dimeric forms of alpha-chymotrypsin in I = 0.2 acetate-chloride buffer, pH 3.86, has been studied quantitatively. Equilibrium sedimentation studies in the absence of inhibitor yielded a dimerization constant of 3.5 L/g. This value was confirmed by frontal gel chromatography of the enzyme on Bio-Gel P-30, which was also used to establish that N-acetyl-L-tryptophan binds preferentially to monomeric enzyme. From kinetic studies of competitive inhibition with N-acetyl-L-tryptophan ethyl ester as substrate, an equilibrium constant of 1300 M-1 was determined for the binding of N-acetyl-L-tryptophan to monomeric alpha-chymotrypsin. An intrinsic binding constant of 250 M-1 for the corresponding interaction with dimeric enzyme was calculated on the basis of these results and binding data obtained with concentrated (18.5 g/L) alpha-chymotrypsin. The present results refute earlier claims for exclusive binding of competitive inhibitors to monomer and also those for equivalence of inhibitor binding to monomeric and dimeric forms of alpha-chymotrypsin.[1]


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