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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Effect of L-glutamine antagonists on 5-phosphoribosyl 1-pyrophosphate levels in P388 leukemia and in murine colon adenocarcinomas in vivo.

The intratumoral content of 5-phosphoribosyl 1-pyrophosphate ( PRPP) and the activity of the enzymes anabolizing and catabolizing the sugar phosphate were determined following i.p. administration of an LD10 dose of an L-glutamine antagonist or saline to tumor-bearing animals. Elevation of PRPP pool size following administration of L-[alpha S,5S]-alpha-amino-3-chloro-4,5-dihydro-5-isopazoleacetic acid (NSC-163501) (AT-125) was maximal at 8 hr and returned to pretreatment levels by 24 hr. In P388 leukemia, dose for dose, at 4 hr, 6-diazo-5-oxo-L-norleucine (NSC-7365) (DON) was the most potent of the L-glutamine antagonists in elevating basal PRPP pool size (50% above control) followed by AT-125 and azaserine, 300 and 100% above control respectively. Moreover, such augmentation in PRPP pool size preferentially affected P388 tumor rather than the small intestine. Following i.p. administration of LD10 doses of AT-125, DON and azaserine, the specific activities of PRPP anabolizing and catabolizing enzymes were determined. A significant inhibition of PRPP amidotransferase was demonstrated with DON and AT-125 (P less than 0.05), and no inhibition with azaserine. A similar modulation of PRPP pool size demonstrated in vivo following administration of 250 mg/kg of ART-125 in mice bearing colonic adenocarcinoma lines. It was suggested that a significant increase of PRPP pool size might cause the possible synergism of a selected L-glutamine antagonist and 5-fluorouracil as reported after the appropriately scheduled administration of methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil.[1]

References

  1. Effect of L-glutamine antagonists on 5-phosphoribosyl 1-pyrophosphate levels in P388 leukemia and in murine colon adenocarcinomas in vivo. Ardalan, B., Arakawa, M., Villacorte, D., Jayaram, H., Cooney, D.A. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1982) [Pubmed]
 
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