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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Rat apolipoprotein E mRNA. Cloning and sequencing of double-stranded cDNA.

A 900-base pair clone corresponding to rat liver apolipoprotein E (apo-E) mRNA, and containing a 3'-terminal poly(A) segment, was identified from a library of rat liver cDNA clones in the plasmid pBR322 by specific hybrid selection and translation of mRNA. A restriction endonuclease DNA fragment from this recombinant plasmid was used to clone the 5'-terminal region of the apo-E mRNA by primed synthesis of cDNA. A portion of the double-stranded cDNA corresponding to the 3'-terminal region of apo-E mRNA was subcloned into the bacteriophage M13mp7 and employed as a template for the synthesis of a radioactively labeled, cDNA hybridization probe. This cDNA probe was used in a RNA-blot hybridization assay that showed the length of the apo-E mRNA to be about 1200 nucleotides. The hybridization assay also demonstrated that apo-E mRNA is present in rat intestine, but at about a 100-fold lower level than that of the rat liver. The nucleotide sequence of rat liver apo-E mRNA was determined from the cloned, double-stranded cDNAs. The amino acid sequence of rat liver apo-E was inferred from the nucleotide sequence, which showed that the mRNA codes for a precursor protein of 311 amino acids. A comparison to the NH2-terminal amino acid sequence of rat plasma apo-E indicated that the first 18 amino acids of the primary translation product are not present in the mature protein and are probably removed during co-translational processing. The coding region was flanked by a 3'-untranslated region of 109 nucleotides, which contained a characteristic AAUAAA sequence that ended 13 nucleotides from a 3'-terminal poly(A) segment. At the 5'-terminal region of the mRNA, 23 nucleotides of an untranslated region were also determined. The inferred amino acid sequence of mature rat apo-E, which contains 293 amino acids, was compared to the amino acid sequence of human apo-E, which contains 299 amino acids. Using an alignment that permitted a maximum homology of amino acids, it was found that overall, 69% of the amino acid positions are identical in both proteins. The amino acid identities are clustered in two broad domains separated by a short region of nonhomology, an NH2-terminal domain of 173 residues where 80% are identical, and a COOH-terminal domain of 84 residues where 70% are identical. These two domains may be associated with specific functional roles in the protein.[1]


  1. Rat apolipoprotein E mRNA. Cloning and sequencing of double-stranded cDNA. McLean, J.W., Fukazawa, C., Taylor, J.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1983) [Pubmed]
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