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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The stoichiometry and location of troponin I- and troponin C-like proteins in the myofibril of the bay scallop, Aequipecten irradians.

Localization and quantification studies were carried out on bay-scallop (Aequipecten irradians) striated-muscle troponin C- and troponin I-like proteins. Indirect immunofluorescence microscopy of scallop myofibrils stained with either rabbit anti-(scallop troponin I) or anti-(scallop troponin C) antibodies shows staining of all I-bands observed. The results of quantification studies using sodium dodecyl sulfate poly-acrylamide-gel electrophoresis of untreated scallop myofibrils, washed scallop myofibrils, and isolated scallop thin filaments indicate an actin/tropomyosin/troponin-C molar rationn of 7:1:1. The molar ratio for troponin I could not be determined in untreated myofibrils because of interfering bands; in washed myofibrils a value of 0.6 mol of troponin I/ mol of tropomyosin was found. Purified scallop troponin C binds Ca2+ and interacts with scallop troponin I to relieve troponin I-induced inhibition of actomyosin ATPase. Although scallop troponin C is an acidic protein, it appears to be less acidic than troponin C from higher organisms. A calmodulin-like protein has been isolated from scallop striated muscle that activates bovine brain phosphodiesterase to the same extent as does brain calmodulin. Its amino acid composition and its electrophoretic mobility on alkaline 6 M-urea/polyacrylamide gels differs from that of scallop troponin C, and it appears not to be associated with thin filaments.[1]


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