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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
Chemical Compound Review

ACRYLAMIDE     prop-2-enamide

Synonyms: enamides, Acrylagel, Akrylamid, Optimum, Taloflote, ...
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Disease relevance of acrylamide


Psychiatry related information on acrylamide


High impact information on acrylamide

  • By immobilizing thousands of intact chromosome molecules within a polyacrylamide gel on a microscope slide and performing multiple amplifications from single molecules, we determined long-range haplotypes spanning a 153-Mb region of human chromosome 7 and found evidence of rare mitotic recombination events in human lymphocytes [11].
  • We show here that both HAP2 and HAP3 in yeast extracts bind to UAS2UP1 and give rise to a single protein-DNA complex, termed C, in nondenaturing polyacrylamide gels [12].
  • The IVS1-containing RNA processing products have several unusual properties, which include: anomalous electrophoretic mobilities on polyacrylamide gels; a block to reverse transcription near the 3' end of IVS1; the presence of a nuclease-resistant component within IVS1 [13].
  • Vesicles containing peptides that comigrate with the transferrin receptor on polyacrylamide gels are released during incubation of sheep reticulocytes, tagged with anti-transferrin-receptor antibodies [14].
  • We have prepared an antibody against chicken erythrocyte alpha spectrin, using as immunogen protein purified by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis [15].

Chemical compound and disease context of acrylamide


Biological context of acrylamide

  • The nucleotide sequence of 32P-RNA from Q beta phage clones was sampled by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the RNAase T1-resistant oligonucleotides (T1 fingerprinting) [21].
  • Although plasmids Col E1 and RSF1030 have no extensive sequence homology, the RNA synthesized during RSF1030 replication has almost the same mobility as the Col E1 RNA on polyacrylamide gels and hybridizes to the Col E1 origin region [22].
  • Based on its electrophoretic mobility in polyacrylamide gels containing sodium dodecylsulfate, the RNA binding protein has been identified as the major phosphoprotein (p19) of avian type C viruses [23].
  • This modification, which is not methylation, was detected because it causes a decrease in mobility of the MCPs on 7.5% SDS-polyacrylamide gels with a high acrylamide to bisacrylamide ratio [24].
  • An analysis of protein synthesis during myogenesis in these cultures, as measured by the incorporation of 35S-methionine and analyzed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, showed profound changes in the pattern of protein synthesis [25].

Anatomical context of acrylamide

  • This was determined by reacting polyacrylamide gels containing the separated membrane proteins with fibroblast myosin antiserum; myosin was the only membrane protein reacting with the antibody as determined by two separate methods [26].
  • Cytosol extracts of these clones possessed virus-specified TK activity identical to that present in cells lytically infected with HSV2, as indicated by thermolability and mobility on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis [27].
  • At various times following injection of either 3H-GTP or 32PO4 into full-grown (stage 6) Xenopus laevis oocytes, RNA has been extracted and fractionated on polyacrylamide gels [28].
  • Brush-border membrane proteins of the small-bowel mucosa were separated on polyacrylamide gels from intestinal biopsy specimens obtained from four children with congenital lactose malabsorption and from two adults with specific hypolactasia [29].
  • Second, hybridization of end-labeled probes to oviduct nuclear RNA followed by digestion with S1 nuclease and analysis on polyacrylamide gels mapped more precisely the 5' and 3' ends of the precursor molecules, and these termini were coincident with the beginning and end of the structural sequence of the natural gene [30].

Associations of acrylamide with other chemical compounds


Gene context of acrylamide

  • An apolipoprotein activator (apolipoprotein C-II) for lipoprotein lipase could not be detected by polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis of apoproteins, immunodiffusion of the plasma against anti-apolipoprotein CII or activation assays for lipoprotein lipase [37].
  • From studies on the kinetics of transcription initiation, on the composition of transcription initiation complexes fractionated by acrylamide gel electrophoresis, and on template competition experiments, TFIIF is known to act at an intermediate stage in initiation complex formation [38].
  • METHODS: Primary IEC were isolated from Enterococcus faecalis-monoassociated IL-10-deficient (IL-10-/-) and wild-type mice to perform 2D-gel sodium-dodecyl-sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry [39].
  • The origin of the TK that is expressed in these cells was studied by polyacrylamide gel electrohporesis, isoelectric focusing, or heat stability [40].
  • When analyzed by NaDodSO4/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis the bulk of IFN activity not destroyed by NaDodSO4 treatment was recovered from two peaks with apparent molecular weights of 20,000 and 25,000 [41].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of acrylamide


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