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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of separated forms of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase from pig coronary arteries by 1,3-disubstituted and 1,3,8-trisubstituted xanthines.

A series of xanthines with varied substituents in the 1, 3, and 8 positions were prepared in an attempt to understand the structure--activity relationship for alkylxanthines as inhibitors of two different forms of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase. Polar substituents on the 1 or 3 position of the xanthine reduced the potency of the xanthines to inhibit both the calmodulin-sensitive and the "cyclic AMP specific" forms of phosphodiesterase. Polar substituents on the 8 position of the xanthine, other than a carboxylic acid, increased the potency to inhibit the calmodulin-sensitive form of phosphodiesterase, if they were capable of donating electrons to the xanthine nucleus. On the other hand, any substituent in the 8 position larger than H reduced the potency of the xanthines to inhibit the cyclic AMP specific form of phosphodiesterase. Topographical maps of the active sites of the two forms of phosphodiesterase are presented in summary.[1]


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