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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Photoaffinity labeling of benzodiazepine receptors in rat brain with flunitrazepam alters the affinity of benzodiazepine receptor agonist but not antagonist binding.

Recently, it was proposed that beta-carbolines interact with a subset of benzodiazepine (BZD) binding sites in mouse brain. This postulate was based upon evidence showing changes in binding properties of the BZD receptor following photoaffinity labeling of membranes with flunitrazepam (FLU). Under conditions in which 80% of specific [3H]diazepam binding was lost in photolabeled membranes, specific [3H]propyl beta-carboline-3-carboxylate [( 3H]PCC) binding was spared. In this study, the binding of the BZD antagonists [3H]PCC, [3H]Ro15 1788 and [3H]CGS 8216 was examined in rat brain membranes following photoaffinity labeling with FLU. No significant changes in the apparent KD and small reductions in the Bmax of 3H antagonist binding were observed. However, in the same membranes, up to 89% of specific [3H]FLU binding was lost. When [3H]PCC (0.05 nM) was used to label the receptors in control and photolabeled membranes, the ability of BZD receptor agonists to inhibit [3H]PCC binding was greatly diminished in the photolabeled membranes. In contrast, the potency of BZD antagonists remained the same in both control and treated membranes. Based upon PCC/[3H]Ro15 1788 competition experiments, the ability of PCC to discriminate between BZD receptor subtypes was unaffected by photoaffinity labeling of cortical membranes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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