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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Direct stimulation of beta 2-adrenergic receptors in rat anterior pituitary induces the release of adrenocorticotropin in vivo.

Previous work in our laboratory has shown that stimulation of beta 2-adrenergic receptors on mouse anterior pituitary tumor cells causes the secretion of immunoreactive adrenocorticotropin (ACTH). The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that catecholamines can cause the release of ACTH in vivo by the direct stimulation of beta 2-adrenergic receptors in the rat anterior pituitary. Systemic administration of a beta-adrenergic receptor agonist (-)-isoproterenol resulted in an increase in plasma ACTH levels in intact animals and in rats with transected pituitary stalks. This effect could be blocked by the beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist, propranolol, but not by the specific beta 1-adrenergic receptor antagonist, practolol. Salmefamol, a beta 2-adrenergic receptor agonist also elevated plasma ACTH levels in stalk-sectioned animals. Dexamethasone, a glucocorticoid that inhibits the synthesis and release of ACTH from the anterior pituitary but not the intermediate lobe, prevented the elevation of ACTH secretion by (-)-isoproterenol in stalk-transected rats. These data indicate that beta 2-adrenergic receptors are present on anterior pituitary cells and suggest that catecholamines can directly stimulate ACTH secretion.[1]

References

  1. Direct stimulation of beta 2-adrenergic receptors in rat anterior pituitary induces the release of adrenocorticotropin in vivo. Mezey, E., Reisine, T.D., Palkovits, M., Brownstein, M.J., Axelrod, J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1983) [Pubmed]
 
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