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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

An investigation of 2':3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (EC, CNP) in peripheral blood elements and CNS myelin.

Activity of 2':3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNP) of human erythrocyte membranes was determined in the presence of various brain CNP inhibitory compounds. Also, the hydrolysis of 2':3'-cAMP and 2':3'-cCMP by CNP of human platelets and lymphocytes was confirmed by thin layer chromatography and CNP activity was measured in lymphocytes, platelets, erythrocytes and CNS myelin. Human erythrocyte CNP activity was reduced 75 percent by the organomercurial p-chloromercuriphenyl sulfonate (1 X 10(-4) M), 46 percent by thimerosal (1 X 10(-4) M) and 35 percent by cupric chloride (1 X 10(-3) M). The 2'-AMP or 2'-CMP isomer was produced, exclusively, by the hydrolysis of 2':3'-cAMP or 2':3'-cCMP, respectively, by CNP of human lymphocytes and platelets and indicates a CNP-like activity is not only present in erythrocytes and the central and peripheral nervous systems, but also platelets and lymphocytes. CNP activities of human erythrocytes, human human and rat lymphocytes and human platelets were less than 4 percent of the activity of human and bovine CNS myelin.[1]


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