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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Suppression of the preovulatory luteinizing hormone surge in the rat by 2-hydroxyestrone: relationship to endogenous estradiol levels.

Injection of 100 micrograms 2-hydroxyestrone (2OHE1) at various times on the morning of proestrus into normal 4-day-cycling rats results in abolition of the preovulatory LH surge in a number of animals tested. The greatest response was observed when the administration of 2OHE1 coincided with endogenous estradiol (E2) levels that were close to but not at their maximal proestrous levels. The catechol estrogen failed to abolish the LH surge if given much earlier or after the E2 maximum had already been reached. The effectiveness of 2OHE1 inhibition of the LH surge was greatly increased by the administration of 1 microgram E2 1 h before the catechol estrogen. 2OHE1 did not interfere with LH secretion in response to LHRH administration, indicating that the inhibitory action of the catechol estrogen is exercised at the hypothalamic level. In contrast to its inhibition of the positive feedback, 2OHE1 administered either before or after the injection of E2 to ovariectomized rats had no effect on the negative feedback of the hormone on pituitary LH secretion. The narrow and specific "time window" on proestrus when an injection of 2OHE1 results in the abolition of the preovulatory LH surge and its relation to the endogenous E2 preovulatory secretion suggest that the catechol estrogen interferes with a brief neuronal triggering event obligatory for LHRH release. The evidence also indicates that this action does not involve conventional competition for the E2 receptor.[1]


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