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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Elongation factor Tu ternary complex binds to small ribosomal subunits in a functionally active state.

A complex between elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu), GTP, phenylalanyl-tRNA (Phe-tRNA), oligo(uridylic acid) [oligo(U)], and the 30S ribosomal subunit of Escherichia coli has been formed and isolated. Binding of the EF-Tu complex appears to be at the functionally active 30S site, by all biochemical criteria that were examined. The complex can be isolated with 0.25-0.5 copy of EF-Tu bound per ribosome. The binding is dependent upon the presence of both the aminoacyl-tRNA and the cognate messenger RNA. Addition of 50S subunits to the preformed 30S-EF-Tu-GTP-Phe-tRNA-oligo(U) complex ("30S-EF-Tu complex") causes a rapid hydrolysis of GTP. This hydrolysis is coordinated with the formation of 70S ribosomes and the release of EF-Tu. Both the release of EF-Tu and the hydrolysis of GTP are stoichiometric with the amount of added 50S subunits. 70S ribosomes, in contrast to 50S subunits, neither release EF-Tu nor rapidly hydrolyze GTP when added to the 30S-EF-Tu complexes. The inability of 70S ribosomes to react with the 30S-EF-Tu complex argues that the 30S-EF-Tu complex does not dissociate prior to reaction with the 50S subunit. The requirements of the 30S reaction for Phe-tRNA and oligo(U) and the consequences of the addition of 50S subunits resemble the reaction of EF-Tu with 70S ribosomes, although EF-Tu binding to isolated 30S subunits does not occur during the elongation microcycle. This suggests that the EF-Tu ternary complex binds to isolated 30S subunits at the same 30S site that is occupied during ternary complex interaction with the 70S ribosome.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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