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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolation and characterization of the proteinase inhibitor-inducing factor from tomato leaves. Identity and activity of poly- and oligogalacturonide fragments.

Mild acid hydrolysis of a small (Mr = 6 kDa) pectic polysaccharide isolated from tomato leaves, an inducer of the synthesis and accumulation of two proteinase inhibitors in excised tomato plants, yielded a alpha-D-polygalacturonic acid polymer with degree of polymerization = 20 that retained proteinase inhibitor-inducing activity. Enzymic and acid hydrolysis of this polygalacturonan yielded a series of alpha-1,4-D-galacturonic acid oligomers with degrees of polymerization from 2 to 6 which were purified to homogeneity and assayed for proteinase inhibitor-inducing activity in young excised tomato plants. All of the oligomers exhibited activity. The hexagalacturonide possessed the highest activity and the trimer the lowest. The evidence supports a possible role for plant cell wall fragments as systemic messengers that regulate the expression of proteinase inhibitor genes in plant leaves in response to pest attacks.[1]


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