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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A dynorphinergic pathway of Leu-enkephalin production in rat substantia nigra.

The amino acid sequence of the opioid peptide Leu-enkephalin is found within several larger peptides, which are generated from the precursors proenkephalin and prodynorphin. Proenkephalin contains four copies of the sequence of Met-enkephalin, a single copy of the sequence of Leu-enkephalin and one copy each of two extended Met-enkephalin sequences. Proenkephalin contains three peptides--alpha-neo-endorphin, dynorphin A and dynorphin B--the N-terminal sequences of which are identical to that of Leu-enkephalin. There is good evidence that the large amounts of Leu-enkephalin found in the adrenal medulla are generated from the precursor proenkephalin, but as yet prodynorphin has not been shown to be processed to yield Leu-enkephalin. We show here that the relatively high levels of Leu-enkephalin found in the rat substantia nigra are supplied by striatonigral axons and generated from the precursor prodynorphin.[1]


  1. A dynorphinergic pathway of Leu-enkephalin production in rat substantia nigra. Zamir, N., Palkovits, M., Weber, E., Mezey, E., Brownstein, M.J. Nature (1984) [Pubmed]
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