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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Analyses of differential sensitivities of synchronized HeLa S3 cells to radiations and chemical carcinogens during the cell cycle. Par V. Radiation- and chemical carcinogen-induced mutagenesis.

8-Azaguanine(8AG)-resistant mutations induced by X-rays, ultraviolet radiation (UV) and a chemical carcinogen, 4-hydroxyaminoquinoline 1-oxide (4-HAQO) were examined during the cell cycle of synchronized HeLa S3 cells. Mutants induced by 400 R of X-rays occurred in a higher frequency in the X-ray-SENSITIVE Gl-S boundary phase than in the X-ray-resistant G1, S and early G2 phases. 8AG-resistant mutants induced by treatment with 10(-5) M 4-HAQO for 20 min appeared in a higher frequency in the early to middle S phases than in the other phases. In the case of UV, however, we found no significant difference in the induced mutation frequencies during the cell cycle, because the mutation frequencies induced by the UV doses (0-20 J/m2) used were too low for detection of the difference. These results suggest that there is a close correlation between the critical damage induced in DNA molecule(s) at the DNA-synthetic phase in the cell cycle and mutagenesis, because mitotic cells have a low mutability in spite of their high radio-sensitivity.[1]


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