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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Influence of corrinoid antagonists on methanogen metabolism.

Iodopropane inhibited cell growth and methane production when Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum, Methanobacterium formicicum, and Methanosarcina barkeri were cultured on H2-CO2. Iodopropane (40 microM) inhibited methanogenesis (30%) and growth (80%) when M. barkeri was cultured mixotrophically on H2-CO2-methanol. The addition of acetate to the medium prevented the observed iodopropane-dependent inhibition of growth. The concentrations of iodopropane that caused 50% inhibition of growth of M. barkeri on either H2-CO2, H2-CO2-methanol, methanol, and acetate were 112 +/- 6, 24 +/- 2, 63 +/- 11, and 4 +/- 1 microM, respectively. Acetate prevented the iodopropane-dependent inhibition of one-carbon metabolism. Cultivation of M. barkeri on H2-CO2-methanol in bright light also inhibited growth and methanogenesis to a greater extent in the absence than in the presence of acetate in the medium. Acetate was the only organic compound examined that prevented iodopropane-dependent inhibition of one-carbon metabolism in M. barkeri. The effect of iodopropane and acetate on the metabolic fates of methanol and carbon dioxide was determined with 14C tracers when M. barkeri was grown mixotrophically on H2-CO2-methanol. The addition of iodopropane decreased the contribution of methanol to methane and cell carbon while increasing the contribution of CO2 to cell carbon. Regardless of iodopropane, acetate addition decreased the contribution of methanol and CO2 to cell carbon without decreasing their contribution to methane. The corrinoid antagonists, light and iodopropane, appeared most specific for methanogen metabolic reactions involved in acetate synthesis from one-carbon compounds and acetate catabolism.[1]


  1. Influence of corrinoid antagonists on methanogen metabolism. Kenealy, W., Zeikus, J.G. J. Bacteriol. (1981) [Pubmed]
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