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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

RNA 3'-terminal phosphate cyclase activity and RNA ligation in HeLa cell extract.

HeLa cell extract contains RNA ligase activity that converts linear polyribonucleotides to covalently closed circles. RNA substrates containing 2',3'-cyclic phosphate and 5'-hydroxyl termini are circularized by formation of a normal 3',5' phosphodiester bond. This activity differs from a previously described wheat germ RNA ligase which circularizes molecules with 2',3'-cyclic and 5' phosphate ends by a 2'-phosphomonester, 3',5'-phosphodiester linkage (Konarska et al., Nature 293, 112-116, 1981; Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 79, 1474-1478, 1982). The HeLa cell ligase can also utilize molecules with 3'-phosphate ends. However, in this case ligation is preceded by an ATP-dependent conversion of the 3'-terminal phosphate to the 2',3' cyclic form by a novel activity, RNA 3'-terminal phosphate cyclase. Both RNA ligase and RNA 3'-terminal phosphate cyclase activities are also present in extract of Xenopus oocyte nuclei, consistent with a role in RNA processing.[1]


  1. RNA 3'-terminal phosphate cyclase activity and RNA ligation in HeLa cell extract. Filipowicz, W., Konarska, M., Gross, H.J., Shatkin, A.J. Nucleic Acids Res. (1983) [Pubmed]
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