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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Extraction of a murine tumor-specific transplantation antigen with 1-butanol. I. Partial purification by isoelectric focusing.

Treatment of whole viable MCA-F murine sarcoma cells from syngeneic female C3H/HeJ mice with a single-phase solution of 2.5% (vol/vol) 1-butanol yielded a crude membrane protein extract without loss of cell viability. 1-Butanol-extracted cells were capable of in vitro proliferation. Variations in extraction conditions significantly influenced not only protein yield but also viability. The crude butanol extract (CBE) contained a tumor-specific transplantation antigen ( TSTA) more potent than that obtained by 3-M KCl extraction of MCA-F cells: a specific activity of 40 TSTA U/ mg protein in the former and 2 U/ mg in the latter. The antigen was specific and protected host against challenge with MCA-F cells but not the antigenically different MCA-D cells. The growth of MCA-F cells was not reduced by pretreatment with equivalent doses of CBE obtained from MCA-D cells. Partial purification of the antigenic activity by preparative isoelectric focusing revealed that most activity focused in the pH 6.4 fraction, which increased the specific activity to 1,000 TSTA U/ mg protein. Thus 1-butanol was an effective agent for the extraction of certain membrane polypeptides, including an immunogenic TSTA, from whole cells.[1]


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