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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Zinc environment and cis peptide bonds in carboxypeptidase A at 1.75-A resolution.

The structure of the metalloenzyme carboxypeptidase A (peptidyl-L-amino-acid hydrolase, EC has been refined at 1.75 A by a restrained least-squares procedure to a conventional crystallographic R factor of 0.162. Significant results of the refined structure relative to the catalytic mechanism are described. In the native enzyme, the zinc coordination number is five (two imidazole N delta 1 nitrogens, the two carboxylate oxygens of glutamate-72, and a water molecule). In the complex (at 2.0-A resolution) of carboxypeptidase A with the dipeptide glycyl-L-tyrosine, however, the water ligand is replaced by both the carbonyl oxygen and the amino nitrogen of the dipeptide. The amino nitrogen also statistically occupies a second position near glutamate-270. Consequently, the coordination number of zinc may vary from five to six in carboxypeptidase A-substrate complexes. Implications of these results for the catalytic mechanism of carboxypeptidase A are discussed. In addition, three cis peptide bonds, none of which involves proline as the amino nitrogen donor, have been located fairly near the active site.[1]


  1. Zinc environment and cis peptide bonds in carboxypeptidase A at 1.75-A resolution. Rees, D.C., Lewis, M., Honzatko, R.B., Lipscomb, W.N., Hardman, K.D. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1981) [Pubmed]
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