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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

S phase-specific synthesis of dihydrofolate reductase in Chinese hamster ovary cells.

We investigated the cell cycle modulation of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR; tetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase, 7,8-dihydroxyfolate:NADP+ oxidoreductase, EC levels in methotrexate-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells synchronized by mitotic selection. DNA content and DHFR concentration were analyzed throughout the cell cycle by standard biochemical techniques and by double fluorescence staining utilizing the fluorescence-activated cell sorter. We found an S phase-specific period of DHFR biosynthetic activity. Commencing within hour 2 of S phase and continuing throughout the duration of S phase, there is a 90% increase in DHFR specific activity. This results from an approximately 2.5-fold increase in the level of DHFR, while total soluble protein increases 50% during the same period. This increase is the result of new synthesis of DHFR molecules initiated after the cell is physiologically committed to DNA replication. This increase in DHFR activity through S phage parallels the increasing rate of [3H]thymidine incorporation during the same interval. The maximum peak of DHFR activity is coincident with the maximum rate of DNA synthesis, both activities occurring during the bulk of DNA replication within the last stages of the 6.5-hr S phase.[1]


  1. S phase-specific synthesis of dihydrofolate reductase in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Mariani, B.D., Slate, D.L., Schimke, R.T. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1981) [Pubmed]
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