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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Murine lymphoma L5178Y cells resistant to purine antagonists: differences in cross-resistance to thioguanine-platinum(II) and selenoguanine-platinum(II).

To determine whether the antitumor activities of thioguanine-platinum(II) [TG-Pt(II)] and selenoguanine-platinum(II) [SeG-Pt(II)] are due to direct actions of these compounds or to the actions of their hydrolysis products, studies were made on a purine antagonist-resistant, murine lymphoma L5178Y/MP subline that lacked the anabolic enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase necessary for tumor inhibition. The L5178Y/MP subline proved to be highly resistant to both TG-Pt(II) and thioguanine; the resistance ratios to the two compounds were almost identical. The subline showed high resistance to selenoguanine, but the cross-resistance to SeG-Pt(II) was negligible. Whether the compounds exhibit the delayed cytotoxicity characteristic of purine antagonists was also investigated. Delayed cytotoxicity was demonstrated for TG-Pt(II) as well as for thioguanine and other purine antagonists but not for SeG-Pt(II) or cis-dichlorodiammineplatinum(II). Experiments on cross-resistance and delayed cytotoxicity showed differences in the cytotoxicities of TG-Pt(II) and SeG-Pt(II): TG-Pt(II) exerted its activity through its hydrolysis product thioguanine, whereas SeG-Pt(II) compound was cytotoxic itself.[1]


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