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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mutagenicity of N-nitrosopyrrolidine derivatives in Salmonella (Ames) and Escherichia coli K-12 (343/113) assays.

The mutagenicity of nitrosopyrrolidine (NPYR) and its derivatives was determined by use of the Ames Salmonella assay. A clear specificity to revert the missense stain of TA1535 and a requirement for the phenobarbital-induced rat-liver activation system (S9 mix) were noted. 3,4-Dichloronitrosopyrrolidine was more mutagenic than NPYR, whereas 3-hydroxynitrosopyrrolidine was weakly mutagenic. The carcinogenic nitroso-3-pyrrolidine was not mutagenic under the test conditions. The noncarcinogenic derivatives (2,5-dimethylnitrosopyrrolidine, nitrosoproline and 4-hydroxynitrosoproline) were not mutagenic. Liquid preincubation assays were not any more effective than the pour-plate assays. Selected derivatives of NPYR were tested in the Escherichia coli K-12 (343/113) assay A specificity to revert the missense mutation at the arg locus and a dependence on phenobarbital-induced rat-liver S9 mix were noted with NPYR and its derivatives. 3,4-Dibromonitrosopyrrolidine, which was not mutagenic in Salmonella, was effective in E. coli, and the weakly carcinogenic NPRL was a weak mutagen resulting in a 2-fold enhancement in the E. coli arginine reversion assay.[1]


  1. Mutagenicity of N-nitrosopyrrolidine derivatives in Salmonella (Ames) and Escherichia coli K-12 (343/113) assays. Rao, T.K., Cox, J.T., Allen, B.E., Epler, J.L., Lijinsky, W. Mutat. Res. (1981) [Pubmed]
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