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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

PAH secretion in the urinary bladder of a crab Cancer borealis.

Uptake of 10 microM p-aminohippuric acid (PAH) by sections of Cancer borealis urinary bladder was concentrative, saturable (Km 67 microM, Vmax 1.7 tissue-1.h-1), inhibitable by other organic anions, and dependent on medium Na and glycolytic metabolism. Bladders mounted in flux chambers exhibited net secretory transport of PAH, with serosa-to-lumen fluxes (Js leads to l) being about 4 times lumen-to-serosa fluxes (Jl leads to s). In 60-min flux chamber studies, tissue-to-medium ratios exceeded unity with serosal, but not luminal, PAH. Initial (10 min) fluxes and tissue accumulations (Ac) were measured in the absence and presence of 1-5 mM BCG (bromocresol green; competitor organic anion). With serosal PAH, serosal BCG (1 mM) reduced serosa-to cell flux (Js leads to c), Ac, and Jc leads to l by 60-75%. With luminal PAH, luminal BCG (1 mM) had no effect on Jl leads to c, Ac, or Jc leads to s; increasing the luminal BCG concentration to 5 mM reduced Jl leads to c, Ac, and Jc leads to s by 40-50%. The data are consistent with a model featuring an inwardly directed pump on the serosal membrane, cellular accumulation, and a facilitated carrier on the luminal membrane.[1]


  1. PAH secretion in the urinary bladder of a crab Cancer borealis. Miller, D.S., Holliday, C.W. Am. J. Physiol. (1982) [Pubmed]
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