The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunogenicity of intraperitoneal insulin infusion using programmable implantable devices.

Intraperitoneal insulin infusion using implantable devices in insulin-dependent diabetic ( IDDM) patients is promising since it improves diabetic control and decreases frequency of hypoglycaemia. However, preliminary data show a striking increase in plasma levels of anti-insulin antibodies with this therapy. In order to more precisely evaluate the immunogenicity and its consequences, anti-insulin antibody levels in 62 IDDM patients were assessed every 3 months during a 2-year period following pump implantation. At the same time, diabetes control was evaluated with HbA1c, mean blood glucose levels, standard deviation of the daily blood glucose levels and the frequency of low blood glucose (< 3.58 mmol/l). Factors involved in antibody formation such as age, gender, HLA typing, and complement C4 alleles were also studied. After implantation, anti-insulin antibody levels increased significantly from 3.14% (range 0-26%) to 8.34% (0-49%) after 1 year and remained elevated. Patients were divided into two groups: responders able to show at least one antiinsulin antibody titre higher than 15% and non-responders whose titres were always lower than 6%. None of the factors studied was shown to statistically influence the anti-insulin antibody titres. Non-responders had significantly better metabolic results than the responders. Severe hypoglycaemic episodes decreased dramatically in both groups. Insulin requirements were comparable at time 0 and decreased initially in both groups. They remained low for the non-responders but returned to pre-implantation values for responders. Intraperitoneal insulin infusion led to a high immunogenetic response towards insulin in about half of the patients, leading to only moderately deleterious effects on metabolic control.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Immunogenicity of intraperitoneal insulin infusion using programmable implantable devices. Jeandidier, N., Boivin, S., Sapin, R., Rosart-Ortega, F., Uring-Lambert, B., Réville, P., Pinget, M. Diabetologia (1995) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities