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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of tachykinins on phosphoinositide metabolism in the hypothalamus: is the NK1 receptor involved?

Substance P ( SP) has been shown to stimulate the hydrolysis of inositol phospholipids in peripheral tissues and in the brain. In mammalian peripheral tissues, three tachykinin receptor subclasses, neurokinin 1 (NK1), neurokinin 2 (NK2) and neurokinin 3 (NK3), have been identified. The purpose of our study was to pharmacologically characterize the SP receptors in the hypothalamus using phosphoinositide breakdown as a functional response. SP, previously described as a NK1 agonist, and Neurokinin A (NKA), previously described as a NK2 agonist, stimulated phosphoinositide breakdown in the hypothalamus in a dose-dependent fashion, with SP being more potent than NKA. The NK2-selective antagonist L-659,877, at a dose of 10(-6) M, abolished the effect of SP (10(-8) M) without affecting basal phosphoinositide breakdown. However, this NK2-selective antagonist did not inhibit the NKA-induced stimulation in phosphoinositide metabolism. The NK1-selective antagonist L-668,169 stimulated phosphoinositide metabolism at a concentration of 10(-6) M, but not at 10(-8) M. This NK1-receptor antagonist did not significantly inhibit the effect of SP on phosphoinositide metabolism. Spantide II, another NK1-selective antagonist, also stimulated phosphoinositide metabolism at a dose of 10(-6) M. Like L-668,169, spantide II failed to inhibit the SP-induced stimulation of phosphoinositide metabolism, and even potentiated the response to SP.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Effects of tachykinins on phosphoinositide metabolism in the hypothalamus: is the NK1 receptor involved? Lebrun, C.J., Wende, P., Steckelings, U., Itoi, K., Unger, T. Brain Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
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