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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 4 by a specific insulin-like growth factor binding protein 4 proteinase in normal human osteoblast-like cells: implications in bone cell physiology.

Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 4 (IGFBP-4) is secreted by normal human osteoblast-like cells ( hOB) and is a potent inhibitor of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) action in vitro. In previous studies, IGF treatment of hOB in culture led to markedly reduced medium levels of IGFBP-4 as detected by western ligand blotting. In the present study, incubation of hOB-conditioned medium (hOB-CM) with IGF under cell-free conditions resulted in a similar loss of IGFBP-4. Both IGF-I and IGF-II were capable of inducing a decrease in IGFBP-4; however, IGF-II was more effective. When the six characterized IGFBP were added to hOB-CM, only IGFBP-4 disappeared in response to IGF-II addition. This IGF-regulated loss of IGFBP-4 was inhibited by metalloproteinase inhibitors and appeared to be due to a proteinase that cleaved IGFBP-4 in 18 and 14 kD fragments identified by western immunoblotting. Conditioned media from eight of eight different donor hOB lines tested exhibited IGFBP-4 proteinase activity. To assess the biologic consequences of IGF-II- induced IGFBP-4 proteolysis, we treated hOB with IGF-II for 5 h, which decreased medium IGF-BP-4 by 70%, and then measured IGF-I and insulin stimulation of [3H]thymidine incorporation. IGF-II itself was not mitogenic and had no effect on insulin-stimulated [3H]thymidine incorporation. However, pretreatment of cultured hOB with IGF-II enhanced IGF-I-stimulated [3H]thymidine incorporation threefold.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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