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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Novel pore-lining residues in CFTR that govern permeation and open-channel block.

The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is both a member of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily and a Cl(-)-selective ion channel. We investigated the permeation pathway of human CFTR with measurements on conduction and open-channel blockade by diphenylamine-2-carboxylic acid (DPC). We used site-directed mutagenesis and oocyte expression to locate residues in transmembrane domain (TM) 6 and TM 12 that contact DPC and control rectification and single-channel conductances. Thus, TM 12 and the previously investigated TM 6 line the CFTR pore. In each TM, residues in contact with DPC are separated by two turns of an alpha helix. The contributions of TM 6 and TM 12 to DPC block and Cl- permeation, however, are not equivalent. The resulting structural model for the conduction pathway may guide future studies of permeation in other Cl- channels and ATP-binding cassette transporters.[1]


  1. Novel pore-lining residues in CFTR that govern permeation and open-channel block. McDonough, S., Davidson, N., Lester, H.A., McCarty, N.A. Neuron (1994) [Pubmed]
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