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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dethiobiotin synthetase: the carbonylation of 7,8-diaminonanoic acid proceeds regiospecifically via the N7-carbamate.

Dethiobiotin synthetase (DTBS) catalyzes the penultimate step in biotin biosynthesis, the formation of the ureido ring of dethiobiotin from (7R,8S)-7,8-diaminononanoic acid (7,8-diaminopelargonic acid, DAPA), CO2, and ATP. Solutions of DAPA at neutral pH readily formed a mixture of the N7- and N8-carbamates in the presence of CO2. However, four lines of evidence together indicated that only the N7-carbamate of DAPA was an intermediate in the reaction catalyzed by DTBS. (1) Addition of diazomethane to mixtures of DAPA and [14C]CO2 yielded a mixture of the N7- and N8-methyl carbamate esters, consistent with carbamate formation in free solution. In the presence of excess DTBS (over DAPA), the ratio of N7:N8-methyl carbamate esters recovered was roughly doubled, suggesting that the enzyme preferentially bound the N7-DAPA-carbamate. (2) Both N7- and N8-DAPA-carbamates were observed directly by 1H and 13C NMR in solutions containing DAPA and [13C]CO2. In the presence of excess DTBS (over DAPA) only one carbamate was observed, showing that carbamate binding to the enzyme was regiospecific. 13C NMR of mixtures containing enzyme, [7-15N]DAPA, and [13C]CO2 showed that the enzyme-bound carbamate was at N7 of DAPA. In addition, pulse-chase experiments showed that the binary complex of DTBS and N7-DAPA-carbamate became kinetically committed upon addition of MgATP. (3) The N7-DAPA-carbamate mimic, 3-(1-aminoethyl)nonanedioic acid, in which the carbamate nitrogen was replaced with a methylene group, cyclized to the corresponding lactam in the presence of DTBS and ATP; ADP and P(i) were also formed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Dethiobiotin synthetase: the carbonylation of 7,8-diaminonanoic acid proceeds regiospecifically via the N7-carbamate. Gibson, K.J., Lorimer, G.H., Rendina, A.R., Taylor, W.S., Cohen, G., Gatenby, A.A., Payne, W.G., Roe, D.C., Lockett, B.A., Nudelman, A. Biochemistry (1995) [Pubmed]
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