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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ultrasensitive time-resolved immunofluorometric assay of prostate-specific antigen in serum and preliminary clinical studies.

We developed an ultrasensitive method for measuring prostate-specific antigen ( PSA) in serum. The assay includes a capture monoclonal anti- PSA antibody coated to microtiter wells, a biotinylated rabbit polyclonal detection antibody, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP)-labeled streptavidin. The activity of ALP is measured with the substrate diflunisal phosphate; the released diflunisal forms highly fluorescent complexes with Tb(3+)-EDTA that are quantified with microsecond time-resolved fluorometry. The assay is precise and accurate and correlates well with the established Hybritech Tandem- PSA kit. Its distinguishing feature is extreme sensitivity (lowest limit of detection is 0.002 micrograms/L or 2 x 10(6) PSA molecules per assay). This is the most sensitive PSA assay reported thus far; we used it to quantify PSA in patients who had undergone radical prostatectomy. Many patients had < 0.01 micrograms/L PSA in their serum. This method could have important clinical applications in postsurgical early detection of relapse or residual prostate cancer, as recently suggested in the literature (Clin Chem 1992;38:1930-2).[1]


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