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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional cooperation of MutT, MutM and MutY proteins in preventing mutations caused by spontaneous oxidation of guanine nucleotide in Escherichia coli.

8-Oxo-dGTP (8-oxo-7,8-dihydrodeoxyguanosine triphosphate) is a potent mutagenic substrate for DNA synthesis. The accumulation of 8-oxo-dGTP in the nucleotide pool induces G:C-->T:A transversion as well as A:T-->C:G transversion, and Escherichia coli cells possess mechanisms for preventing such mutations. The mutT gene product specifically hydrolyzes 8-oxo-dGTP to the monophosphate form while the mutM and the mutY gene products function to correct mispairs caused by incorporation of 8-oxoguanine into DNA. From analyses of forward mutations induced in cells lacking 8-oxo-dGTPase (MutT protein) and/or repair enzymes that suppress mutations caused by 8-oxoguanine in DNA (MutM and MutY proteins), cooperative functions of these proteins in control of the spontaneous mutagenesis became evident. In mutator strains lacking MutT and/or MutM proteins, 8-oxoguanine of DNA increased to a concentration expected from the increased rate of mutation.[1]


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