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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

NMR investigation of Hoogsteen base pairing in quinoxaline antibiotic--DNA complexes: comparison of 2:1 echinomycin, triostin A and [N-MeCys3,N-MeCys7] TANDEM complexes with DNA oligonucleotides.

Hoogsteen base pairs have been demonstrated to occur in base pairs adjacent to the CpG binding sites in complexes of triostin A and echinomycin with a variety of DNA oligonucleotides. To understand the relationship of these unusual base pairs to the sequence specificity of these quinoxaline antibiotics, the conformation of the base pairs flanking the YpR binding sites of the 2:1 drug-DNA complexes of triostin A with [d(ACGTACGT)]2 and of the TpA specific [N-MeCys3, N-MeCys7] TANDEM with [d(ATACGTAT)]2 have been studied by 1H NMR spectroscopy. In both the 2:1 triostin A-DNA complex and the 2:1 [N-MeCys3, N-MeCys7] TANDEM-DNA complex, the terminal A.T base pairs are Hoogsteen base paired with the 5' adenine in the syn conformation. This indicates that both TpA specific and CpG specific quinoxaline antibiotics are capable of inducing Hoogsteen base pairs in DNA. However, in both 2:1 complexes, Hoogsteen base pairing is limited to the terminal base pairs. In the 2:1 triostin A complex, the internal adenines are anti and in the 2:1 [N-MeCys3, N-MeCys7] TANDEM-DNA complex, the internal guanines are anti regardless of pH, which indicates that the central base pairs of both complexes form Watson-Crick base pairs. This indicates that the sequence dependent nature of Hoogsteen base pairing is the same in TpA specific and CpG specific quinoxaline antibiotic-DNA complexes. We have calculated a low resolution three-dimensional structure of the 2triostin A-[d(ACGTACGT)]2 complex and compared it with other CpG specific quinoxaline antibiotic-DNA complexes. The role of stacking in the formation of Hoogsteen base pairs in these complexes is discussed.[1]


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