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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

5-Methoxytryptamine inhibits cyclic AMP accumulation in cultured retinal neurons through activation of a pertussis toxin-sensitive site distinct from the 2-[125I]iodomelatonin binding site.

Melatonin and 5-methoxytryptamine inhibited forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP formation in cultured neural cells prepared from embryonic chick retina. Both methoxyindoles exhibited similar potency and efficacy, with EC50 values of 0.8 nM for melatonin and 7.2 nM for 5-methoxytryptamine. Inhibition of cyclic AMP formation by 5-methoxytryptamine or melatonin was prevented by pretreatment with pertussis toxin. Pretreatment of cultures with 5-methoxytryptamine for 24 h reduced the subsequent inhibitory cyclic AMP response to 5-methoxytryptamine but not that to 2-iodomelatonin. Putative melatonin receptors on cultured retinal cells were labeled with 2-[125I]iodomelatonin. Melatonin displaced specific 2-[125I]iodomelatonin with a Ki value (0.8 nM) similar to the EC50 for inhibition of cyclic AMP formation. In contrast, 5-methoxytryptamine only inhibited 2-[125I]iodomelatonin binding at very high concentrations (Ki = 650 nM). Pretreating cultured cells for 24 h with 2-iodomelatonin or melatonin, but not with 5-methoxytryptamine, reduced subsequent 2-[125I]iodomelatonin binding. Thus, 5-methoxytryptamine appears to inhibit forskolin-stimulated cyclic AMP formation at a site distinct from the 2-iodomelatonin binding site.[1]


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