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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A new point mutation associated with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy.

Point mutations in the mitochondrial gene tRNA leucine(UUR) have been associated with maternally inherited mitochondrial myopathies including the MELAS syndrome (Mitochondrial Myopathy Encephalopathy Lactic acidosis and Stroke-like episodes). We describe a further mutation in tRNA leucine(UUR) in a patient with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, pigmentary retinopathy, dementia, hypoparathyroidism and diabetes mellitus. The mutation was heteroplasmic in the proband's blood (30%) and muscle (76%); it was present at high levels in the proband's affected mother (50% in muscle), and at low levels (< 10%) in blood, muscle and fibroblasts of an unaffected sister. The mutation was not found in 121 normal controls or 35 other patients with mitochondrial disorders. The mutation is at a highly conserved position in the tRNA molecule, close to the 3,243 mutation which is associated with more than 80% of MELAS cases. Further more, both mutations lie within a possible transcriptional control region. This finding adds further support to the evidence that mutations in this region and in other mitochondrial tRNA genes may cause disease.[1]


  1. A new point mutation associated with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy. Morten, K.J., Cooper, J.M., Brown, G.K., Lake, B.D., Pike, D., Poulton, J. Hum. Mol. Genet. (1993) [Pubmed]
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