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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The formation of cis-3-nonenal, trans-2-nonenal and hexanal from linoleic acid hydroperoxide isomers by a hydroperoxide cleavage enzyme system in cucumber (Cucumis sativus) fruits.

1. A particulate enzyme fraction and an acetone powder preparation from cucumber fruits cleaved 9- and 13-hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acids to form volatile aldehydes and oxoacid fragments. 2. From the 9-hydroperoxide, the major volatile fragments were cis-3-nonenal and trans-2-nonenal using particulate enzyme and acetone powder preparations, respectively. 3. Hexanal was the only significant volatile fragment from the 13-hydroperoxide. 4. The particulate enzyme system was equally effective on both 9- and 13-hydroperoxide isomers and was fully active under anaerobic conditions and at pH 6. 4. 5. An enzymic pathway for the biogenesis of hexanal, cis-3- and trans-2-nonenal (components of the characteristic flavour volatiles of cucumber) from linoleic acid is proposed. This involves the sequential activity of lipoxygenase, hydroperoxide cleavage and cis-3-: trans-2-enal isomerase enzymes.[1]


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