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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phosphoinositide 3-phosphatase segregates from phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in EGF-stimulated A431 cells and fails to in vitro hydrolyse phosphatidylinositol(3,4,5)trisphosphate.

Beside 4- and 5-phosphatases playing a role in the interconversion between the D-3 phosphorylated polyphosphoinositides, the only enzyme described so far to be responsible for a phosphomonesterasic activity on the D-3 position of inositol lipids is a specific 3-phosphatase that hydrolyzes PtdIns(3)P in NIH 3T3 cells. We report here the presence of a potent 3-phosphatase activity in different cell types. This activity is detected both in cytosol and membranes of A431 cells and is inhibited by VO4(-3) and Zn2+. Interestingly, the cytosolic activity from A431 cells selectively hydrolyzes in vitro PtdIns(3)P and PtdIns(3,4)P2, whereas PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 remains a very poor substrate under the same conditions. Finally, assays of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and 3-phosphatase activities in the pool of phosphotyrosine-containing proteins isolated from EGF-stimulated A431 cells suggest a compartmentation of these two antagonistic activities during cell activation.[1]


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