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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Combination therapy with nucleoside analogs and alkylating agents.

The nucleoside analog, 2'-deoxycoformycin (dCF), and the alkylating agents, chlorambucil (CLB) and cyclophosphamide, are effective agents in the treatment of chronic B cell leukemias and lymphomas. The cyclophosphamide analog, 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC), generates the same active metabolite as cyclophosphamide in cells and has been used extensively for bone marrow purging in vitro. We have observed that deoxyadenosine (dAdo) plus dCF (dAdo/dCF) inhibit the repair of x-irradiation-induced and bleomycin-induced DNA damage in vitro, and that this results in either synergistic or additive cytotoxicity, respectively. In the present study we examined whether dAdo/dCF, can enhance the antitumor activity of CLB and 4-HC in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells in vitro. CLL cells were treated with CLB for 6 hr and then with dAdo/dCF for 18 hr and cytotoxicity was measured by the MTT assay. Synergy was observed between CLB and dAdo/dCF in CLL cells from 2 patients, with synergy increasing as the CLB dose was raised. In contrast, similar treatment of human bone marrow cells resulted in little or no synergistic cell kill. Treatment of CLL cells from 2 patients with 4-HC for 30 min followed by dAdo/dCF for 18 hr resulted in little synergistic cytotoxicity, although this drug combination did produce an additive cell kill. Thus, combination therapy with nucleoside analogs and alkylating agents may be useful for improving treatment of CLL.[1]


  1. Combination therapy with nucleoside analogs and alkylating agents. Johnston, J.B., Verburg, L., Shore, T., Williams, M., Israels, L.G., Begleiter, A. Leukemia (1994) [Pubmed]
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