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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

DNA replication fidelity with 8-oxodeoxyguanosine triphosphate.

Oxidative metabolism is known to generate mutagenic compounds within cells, among which is 8-oxodeoxyguanosine. Here the mutagenic potential of the triphosphate form of this base analog (8-O-dGTP) is investigated during replication in vitro of the lacZ alpha-complementation sequence in M13mp2 DNA. Adding 8-O-dGTP at equimolar concentration with the normal dNTPs to polymerization reactions decreases the fidelity of DNA synthesis by exonuclease-deficient Klenow, T4, and Thermus thermophilus DNA polymerases. Sequence analysis of mutants suggests that 8-O-dGMP is misincorporated opposite template adenines, yielding A-->C transversions. The degree of polymerase selectivity against this error is enzyme-dependent, with rates varying by > 25-fold. To determine if the A.8-O-dGMP mispair is proofread, a direct comparison of the fidelity of proofreading-proficient and proofreading-deficient Klenow and T4 DNA polymerases was made. Although the exonuclease activity of Klenow polymerase did not substantially reduce overall misincorporation of 8-O-dGMP, misincorporation was lower for the proofreading-proficient T4 enzyme as compared to its proofreading-deficient derivative. These data suggest that the A.8-O-dGMP mispair can be proofread. The mutagenic potential of 8-O-dGTP with eukaryotic systems was also examined. Misincorporation of 8-O-dGTP opposite adenine was observed during SV40 origin-dependent replication of double-stranded DNA in HeLa cell extracts. When present during replication at a concentration equal to the four normal dNTPs, 8-O-dGTP was at least 13-fold more mutagenic for A.T-->C.G transversions than was a 100-fold excess of normal dGTP.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]

References

  1. DNA replication fidelity with 8-oxodeoxyguanosine triphosphate. Pavlov, Y.I., Minnick, D.T., Izuta, S., Kunkel, T.A. Biochemistry (1994) [Pubmed]
 
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