The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Amphipathic alpha-helical structure does not predict the ability of receptor-derived synthetic peptides to interact with guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory proteins.

In guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory protein- (G protein) coupled receptors, an amphipathic alpha-helix has been postulated to be the common structural determinant in the NH2- and COOH-terminal portions of the third intracellular loop representing the major interaction site with the G proteins. Here we assessed the ability of six peptides derived from these sites of the human dopamine D1-, D2-, and beta 1-adrenergic receptors to either activate G proteins directly or to uncouple the activity of their respective receptors in a native membrane environment. In addition, the cross-reactivity was analyzed. Nonspecific effects occurring at high concentrations were differentiated from G protein-specific effects. The peptide D2N derived from the NH2-terminal part of the third intracellular loop of the dopamine D2 receptor was the only one capable of specifically reversing the action of its receptor, the dopamine-mediated inhibition of the adenylyl cyclase. Furthermore, only D2N stimulated pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins. However, D2N as the only peptide exhibiting specific effects did not exhibit the predicted amphipathic alpha-helix observed for mastoparan (Higashijima, T., Burnier, J., and Ross, E. M. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 14176-14186) as demonstrated by circular dichroism spectroscopy. In contrast, a peptide for which a certain degree of helicality was verified spectroscopically (D1C) was neither active in GTPase and adenylyl cyclase determinations, nor did it block the receptor-mediated cyclase activation. Hence, the amphipathic alpha-helix does not represent the main structural determinant for the receptor-G protein interaction site.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities