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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of experimental metastasis by an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, 1,6-epi-cyclophellitol.

Isolated from a culture filtrate of Phellinus sp., cyclophellitol is a specific inhibitor of beta-glucosidase, but unlike castanospermine, it does not inhibit experimental metastasis. However, its structural analogue, 1,6-epi-cyclophellitol, inhibited alpha-glucosidase as well as beta-glucosidase, and inhibited experimental metastasis. 1,6-Epi-cyclophellitol depressed alpha-glucosidase activity in cultured B16/F10 cells after 48 h of incubation. Preincubation of B16/F10 cells for 48 h with 1,6-epi-cyclophellitol inhibited invasion of the cells in a Boyden chamber assay at the doses effective in inhibiting alpha-glucosidase in situ. Pulmonary metastasis of B16/F10 cells in mice was inhibited by pretreatment of the cells with 1,6-epi-cyclophellitol in culture. The inhibitor reduced the collagen type I- and IV-mediated attachment of the cells, whereas it had no effect on laminin-mediated attachment. These results suggest that alpha-glucosidase in tumor cells is essential for the metastatic process through the cellular interaction with collagen type I and IV.[1]


  1. Inhibition of experimental metastasis by an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, 1,6-epi-cyclophellitol. Atsumi, S., Nosaka, C., Ochi, Y., Iinuma, H., Umezawa, K. Cancer Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
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