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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evaluation of the Hawaiian reef fishes with the solid phase immunobead assay.

This study presents data on the evaluation of a laboratory ciguatera kit based on the solid phase immunobead assay (SPIA) for the detection of ciguatoxin in Hawaiian reef fish. The SPIA was performed on fish catches by volunteer fishermen throughout the State of Hawaii. A total of 1,067 fish of various species were tested for ciguatoxin (CTX) using the SPIA kit. Of the total 1,067 fish tested, 510 were from Oahu, 402 from Hawaii, and 75 from Maui. The number of fish from Molokai, Kauai, and Lanai were 23, 20, and 7 respectively. Twenty percent of the total fish tested were positive, 41% borderline, and 39% negative for ciguatoxin. The highest percentage of SPIA- positive fish were from Hawaii (27%) followed by Oahu (19%) and Kauai (15%). These results correlate with the reported incidents from the Department of Health (DOH) of actual ciguatera poisoning in the State of Hawaii. Fish in all three categories of the SPIA test values were eaten. No false negatives were noted with individuals eating SPIA negative fish. Of the 232 SPIA borderline values eaten, 3 species of fish caused ciguatera poisoning. These fish included 2 papio, 1 mullet, and 1 po'ou. Of the 17 SPIA positive fish eaten, 5 caused ciguatera poisoning: 2 papio, a kole, an uhu, and a weke. The SPIA ciguatera test did protect the public when only SPIA-negative fish were eaten. The borderline and positive SPIA fish were generally unsafe, especially the positive fish. The data indicated that the probability of getting ciguatera with a SPIA positive fish was 1 out of 3.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Evaluation of the Hawaiian reef fishes with the solid phase immunobead assay. Hokama, Y., Asahina, A.Y., Shang, E.S., Hong, T.W., Shirai, J.L. J. Clin. Lab. Anal. (1993) [Pubmed]
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