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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fertilization antigen (FA-1) completely blocks human sperm binding to human zona pellucida: FA-1 antigen may be a sperm receptor for zona pellucida in humans.

The effects of purified human sperm fertilization antigen-1 (FA-1), affinity-purified monoclonal Fab' antibody to FA-1, and monoclonal Fab' antibody to phosphotyrosine residues on human sperm-zona interaction were investigated. The purified FA-1 antigen completely blocked sperm binding to zona pellucida (P < 0.0001). Also, the monoclonal Fab' antibodies to FA-1 antigen and phosphotyrosine residues significantly (P < 0.05) reduced sperm-zona pellucidae and the antibodies were preincubated with sperm before insemination and not vice versa. These results suggest that the tyrosine phosphorylation especially of FA-1 antigen has an important role in zona pellucida receptor recognition and binding. These findings also suggest that FA-1 antigen may be the sperm receptor involved in zona pellucida binding in humans.[1]


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