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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Structures of quinoxaline antibiotics.

The crystal structures of three quinoxaline antibiotics-echinomycin 2QN, triostin C and the C222(1) form of triostin A--have been determined, and the structure of the P2(1)2(1)2(1) form of triostin A has been re-refined against our previously reported data. The molecular conformations are compared with those deduced from NMR data and those reported for two complexes of triostin A with oligonucleotides. Although the depsipeptide ring conformations are basically similar, the effective twofold molecular symmetry is violated by the folding of one of the quinoxaline chromophores in echinomycin 2QN and by a rotation of one of the ester planes with the formation of an intramolecular hydrogen bond in triostin C. In the oligonucleotide complexes of triostin A the chirality of the disulfide bridge is inverted. The alanine NH groups are involved in intermolecular hydrogen bonds in all four structures, and (except in echinomycin 2QN) the stacking of the chromophores in the crystal emulates the intercalation involved in DNA complex formation. In echinomycin 2QN, the antibiotic molecules are hydrogen bonded to form a helix along the crystallographic 6(5) screw axes, with a channel of disordered solvent running through the middle of the helix. Crystal data: (1), echinomycin 2QN, C53H66N10O12S2.2.5(C3H6O).2.5(H2O), M(r) = 1289.5, hexagonal, P6(5), a = b = 22.196(15), c = 24.64 (2) A, V = 10,513 (13) A3, Z = 6, Dx = 1.222 Mg m-3, lambda (Cu K alpha) = 1.5418 A, mu = 1.275 mm-1, T = 193 K, R = 9.0% for 4828 I > 2 sigma (I) and 11.8% for all 7102 unique reflections; (2), triostin C, C54H70N12O12S2.0.67(CHCl3).0.67(H2O), M(r) = 1234.2, orthorhombic, P2(1)2(1)2(1), a = 16.054 (8), b = 17.128 (9), c = 22.706 (12) A, V = 6244 (6) A3, Z = 4, Dx = 1.313 Mg m-3, lambda (Mo K alpha) = 0.71073 A, mu = 0.239 mm-1, T = 188 K, R = 7.7% for 4678 I > 2 sigma (I) and 14.0% for all 7260 unique reflections; (3), triostin A, C50H62N12O12S2.2(C7H14O2), M(r) = 1347.6, orthorhombic, P2(1)2(1)2(1), a = 20.94 (2), b = 18.53 (2), c = 18.80 (2) A, V = 7292 (13) A3, Z = 4, Dx = 1.228 Mg m-3, lambda (Cu K alpha) = 1.5418 A, mu = 1.245 mm-1, T = 293 K, R = 6.8% for 2116 I > 2 sigma (I) and 9.3% for all 2928 unique reflections; (4), triostin A, C50H62N12O12S2.HCl.2(C3H7NO), M(r) = 1269.9, monoclinic, C222(1), a = 10.622 (10), b = 17.035 (17), c = 35.21 (3) A, V = 6371 (10) A3, Z = 4, Dx = 1.324 Mg m-3, lambda (Mo K alpha) = 0.71073 A, mu = 0.199 mm-1, T = 153 K, R = 7.5% for 2164 I > 2 sigma (I) and 13.2% for all 3402 unique reflections. Extensive use was made of restraints on the geometrical and displacement parameters in the successful anisotropic refinement of these structures against weak data.[1]

References

  1. Structures of quinoxaline antibiotics. Sheldrick, G.M., Heine, A., Schmidt-Bäse, K., Pohl, E., Jones, P.G., Paulus, E., Waring, M.J. Acta Crystallogr., B (1995) [Pubmed]
 
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