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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Epidermal growth factor inhibits carbachol-stimulated canine parietal cell function via protein kinase C.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Epidermal growth factor ( EGF) inhibits secretagogue- stimulated gastric acid secretion via an EGF receptor located on parietal cells. The aim of this study was to examine whether this growth factor inhibited carbachol-stimulated acid secretion through a protein kinase C-dependent mechanism. METHODS: The effect of EGF on carbachol-stimulated aminopyrine uptake, inositol trisphosphate formation, and intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in purified cultured parietal cells was studied. The ability of protein kinase A and C inhibitors to alter the inhibitory action of EGF was assessed. EGF-mediated translocation and activation of protein kinase C in parietal cells were determined. RESULTS: EGF dose dependently inhibited carbachol-stimulated aminopyrine uptake in a pertussis toxin-insensitive, genistein (tyrosine kinase inhibitor)--sensitive manner, with a maximal inhibitory effect (37.5% +/- 6.8%) achieved at 10(-7) mol/L. EGF did not significantly inhibit carbachol-stimulated inositol trisphosphate formation and did not alter the initial transient increase or sustained plateau in [Ca2+]i stimulated by this secretagogue. The protein kinase C inhibitors H-7 and staurosporine dose dependently reversed the inhibitory action of EGF, whereas H-89 (protein kinase A inhibitor) failed to alter the effect of EGF. EGF pretreatment increased the translocation of alpha and beta 1 isoforms of protein kinase C and stimulated kinase activity in parietal cells. EGF did not down-regulate the parietal cell muscarinic receptor. CONCLUSIONS: The inhibitory action of EGF on carbachol-stimulated parietal cell activity seems to involve protein kinase C.[1]


  1. Epidermal growth factor inhibits carbachol-stimulated canine parietal cell function via protein kinase C. Wang, L., Wilson, E.J., Osburn, J., DelValle, J. Gastroenterology (1996) [Pubmed]
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