The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mechanism of hydroperoxide reduction by mangano-prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase.

Reaction of manganese-reconstituted prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase (Mn-PGHS) with 15-hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HPETE) generates two products in nearly equal amounts: 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) and 15-ketoeicosatetraenoic acid (15-KETE) [Kulmacz et al. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 5428-5439]. Their proposed mechanism to explain 15-KETE formation, namely oxidation of 15-HETE by the peroxidase activity of MnPGHS, was tested and found not to occur. Instead, 15-KETE may arise by one-electron reduction of 15-HPETE followed by oxidation of an intermediate alkoxyl radical. The mechanism of hydroperoxide reduction by Mn-PGHS was investigated using 10-hydroperoxyoctadeca-8,12-dienoic acid (10-OOH-18:2), a diagnostic probe of hydroperoxide reduction pathways. Reaction of Mn-PGHS with 10-OOH-18:2 generated the two-electron reduced product, 10-hydroxyoctadeca-8,12-dienoic acid (10-OH-18:2), as well as the one-electron reduction products, 10-oxooctadeca-8,12 dienoic acid (10-oxo-18:2) and 10-oxodec-8-enoic acid (10-oxo-10:1) in relative yields of 82, 10, and 7%, respectively. The identity of the one-electron reduction products was confirmed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The detection of 10-oxo-10:1 provides strong evidence for the production of an alkoxyl radical during 10-OOH-18:2 reduction by Mn-PGHS. Like 15-HPETE, reaction of Mn-PGHS with 13-hydroperoxyoctadeca-8,12-dienoic acid (13-OOH-18:2) generated two products in equal amounts: 13-hydroxyoctadeca-8,12-dienoic acid (13-OH-18:2) and the keto fatty acid 13-oxooctadeca-8,12-dienoic acid (13-oxo-18:2). Comparison of the three hydroperoxides demonstrates that 15-HPETE is a much better substrate for Mn-PGHS than 10-OOH-18:2 or 13-OOH-18:2 with 10-fold greater turnovers. The results show that Mn-PGHS catalyzes both one- and two-electron hydroperoxide reduction and that the pathway of alkoxyl radical decomposition is influenced by the protein component of Mn-PGHS and the structure of the alkoxyl radical intermediate.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities