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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genetic relationship between the 53- and 49-kilodalton forms of exoenzyme S from Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Exoenzyme S is an ADP-ribosylating extracellular protein of Pseudomonas aeruginosa that is produced as two immunologically related forms, a 49-kDa enzymatically active form and a 53-kDa inactive form. The postulated relationship between the two proteins involves a carboxy-terminal proteolytic cleavage of the 53-kDa precursor to produce an enzymatically active 49-kDa protein. To determine the genetic relationship between the two forms of exoenzyme S, exoS (encoding the 49-kDa form) was used as a probe in Southern blot analyses of P. aeruginosa chromosomal digests. Cross-hybridizing bands were detected in chromosomal digests of a strain of P. aeruginosa in which exoS had been deleted by allelic exchange. A chromosomal bank was prepared from the exoS deletion strain, 388deltaexoS::TC, and screened with a probe internal to exoS. Thirteen clones that cross-hybridized with the exoS probe were identified. One representative clone contained the open reading frame exoT; this open reading frame encoded a protein of 457 amino acids which showed 75% amino acid identity to ExoS. The exoT open reading frame, cloned into a T7 expression system, produced a 53-kDa protein in Escherichia coli, termed Exo53, which reacted to antisera against exoenzyme S. A histidine-tagged derivative of recombinant Exo53 possessed approximately 0.2% of the ADP-ribosyltransferase activity of recombinant ExoS. Inactivation of exoT in an allelic-replacement strain resulted in an Exo53-deficient phenotype without modifying the expression of ExoS. These studies prove that the 53- and 49-kDa forms of exoenzyme S are encoded by separate genes. In addition, this is the first report of the factor-activating-exoenzyme-S-dependent ADP-ribosyltransferase activity of the 53-kDa form of exoenzyme S.[1]


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