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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The TC21 oncoprotein interacts with the Ral guanosine nucleotide dissociation factor.

TC21 is a highly oncogenic member of the Ras superfamily of small GTP binding proteins. We have used the yeast two hybrid system to identify proteins that interact with an oncogenic form of the TC21 protein. cDNA clones encoding the carboxy-terminal region of the RalGDS protein were isolated from human B-cell and HeLa cDNA libraries. RalGDS is an exchange factor that stimulates GDP dissociation from Ral, another member of the Ras superfamily of proteins. The interaction between RalGDS to TC21 is direct and appears to be mediated by the effector domain of TC21 and the carboxy-terminal region of RalGDS. Moreover, RalGDS only binds to TC21 in its active, GTP-loaded configuration. These results suggest that RalGDS might be an effector molecule for TC21 and may participate in cross-talking between Ral and TC21 signalling pathways.[1]


  1. The TC21 oncoprotein interacts with the Ral guanosine nucleotide dissociation factor. López-Barahona, M., Bustelo, X.R., Barbacid, M. Oncogene (1996) [Pubmed]
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