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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

A novel single base deletion in the LDLR gene (211delG): Effect on serum lipid profiles and the influence of other genetic polymorphisms in the ACE, APOE and APOB genes.

A single base deletion (211delG) in the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene was shown to cause familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) in a large family from Northern Ireland. Twenty-four of 52 family members tested had this mutation, 13 of which were newly diagnosed. Mutation-positive individuals had significantly higher mean total-cholesterol (TC) and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) than those without 211delG. LDL-C was a more accurate indicator of disease status than TC. When TC levels alone were considered, in individuals over 16 years, a false negative rate (TC < 7.5 mmol/l) of 40% was found; however this fell to 13% based on inclusion of LDL-C levels. Individuals with coronary artery disease (CAD) had significantly higher TC levels than those without CAD and tended to have tendinous xanthomas (TX) and corneal arcus (CA). Generic polymorphisms in the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and apolipoprotein (apo) B genes did not appear to be associated with lipid levels or with the clinical severity of the disease; however, the apo E epsilon4 allele did show a lipid-raising effect in individuals with the mutation.[1]

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