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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Synthesis, absolute configuration, and biological profile of the enantiomers of trans-[2-(2,6-dimethoxyphenoxy)ethyl] [(3-p-tolyl-2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-2-yl)methyl]amine (mephendioxan), a potent competitive alpha 1A-adrenoreceptor antagonist.

The enantiomers of trans-[2-(2,6-dimethoxyphenoxy)ethyl] [(3-p-tolyl-2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-2-yl) methyl]amine (mephendioxan, 2) were synthesized from the chiral trans-3-p-tolyl-2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-2-carboxylic acids [(+)-3 and (-)-3] which in turn were obtained through the resolution of the racemic acid with (R)- and (S)-alpha-methylbenzylamine. Comparison of CD spectra of the enantiomers of 2 with that of (2S,3S)-3-methyl-2-phenyl-1,4-benzodioxane allowed the assignment of the 2S,3S configuration to the (-)-enantiomer of 2 and of the 2R,3R configuration to the other enantiomer. The binding profile of the enantiomers of 2 was assessed at alpha 1, alpha 2, D2, and 5-HT1A receptors, in comparison to WB 4101 (1), 5-methylurapidil, and (+)-niguldipine. In addition, the two enantiomers were investigated at native and cloned alpha 1-adrenoreceptor subtypes. (-)-2 was 10-30 times as potent as the (+)-enantiomer at alpha 1-adrenoreceptor subtypes in both functional and binding assays. It was 36-fold selective for the alpha 1A- versus alpha 1B-adrenoreceptor and 60- and 20-fold selective in binding to the alpha 1a-adrenoreceptor relative to alpha 1b and alpha 1d subtypes, respectively. Furthermore, the enantiomer (-)-2 displayed selectivities of 12000-, 2500-, and 250-fold in binding to alpha 1a-adrenoreceptors relative to alpha 2-adrenoreceptors and 5-HT1A and D2 receptors. These results indicate that (-)-2 may be a valuable tool in the characterization of alpha 1-adrenoreceptor subtypes.[1]


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