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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

The beta 3-adrenoceptor agonist CL316243 prevents indomethacin-induced jejunal ulceration in the rat by reversing early villous shortening.

Jejunal villi undergo early histological shortening and vascular injury in indomethacin-induced ulcerative enteropathy in the rat. The protective effects of the beta 3-adrenoceptor agonist CL316243 on this rat model and the mechanism of action were examined using histological techniques. Groups of rats received oral indomethacin (15 mg/kg) and oral CL316243 (0, 0.01-10 mg/kg) 0.5 h beforehand. Jejunal ulceration was assessed 48 h after indomethacin. Other groups received CL316243 either 6 h before or 3 or 6 h after indomethacin. Plasma indomethacin and jejunal prostaglandin E2 levels were determined in groups of rats with and without prior CL316243. CL316243 was a potent dose-dependent inhibitor of jejunal ulceration (> 98 percent inhibition at doses > or = 0.1 mg/kg; ED50 = 0.025 mg/kg) but was not protective when given 6 h after indomethacin. CL316243, 1 mg/kg, reversed early villous shortening and vascular injury. CL316243 did not affect either indomethacin bioavailability or the inhibition of prostaglandin E2. To conclude, the beta 3-adrenoceptor agonist CL316243 is a potent inhibitor of indomethacin-induced jejunal ulceration and the mechanism of protection involves reversal of both villous shortening and vascular injury, which are usefully assessed by histomorphological techniques.[1]

References

  1. The beta 3-adrenoceptor agonist CL316243 prevents indomethacin-induced jejunal ulceration in the rat by reversing early villous shortening. Anthony, A., Bahl, A.K., Oakley, I.G., Spraggs, C.F., Dhillon, A.P., Trevethick, M.A., Piasecki, C., Pounder, R.E., Wakefield, A.J. J. Pathol. (1996) [Pubmed]
 
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