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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A novel sulfonylurea receptor forms with BIR (Kir6.2) a smooth muscle type ATP-sensitive K+ channel.

We have isolated a cDNA encoding a novel isoform of the sulfonylurea receptor from a mouse heart cDNA library. Coexpression of this isoform and BIR (Kir6.2) in a mammalian cell line elicited ATP-sensitive K+ ( KATP) channel currents. The channel was effectively activated by both diazoxide and pinacidil, which is the feature of smooth muscle KATP channels. Sequence analysis indicated that this clone is a variant of cardiac type sulfonylurea receptor ( SUR2). The 42 amino acid residues located in the carboxyl-terminal end of this novel sulfonylurea receptor is, however, divergent from that of SUR2 but highly homologous to that of the pancreatic one ( SUR1). Therefore, this short part of the carboxyl terminus may be important for diazoxide activation of KATP channels. The reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that mRNA of this clone was ubiquitously expressed in diverse tissues, including brain, heart, liver, urinary bladder, and skeletal muscle. These results suggest that this novel isoform of sulfonylurea receptor is a subunit reconstituting the smooth muscle KATP channel.[1]


  1. A novel sulfonylurea receptor forms with BIR (Kir6.2) a smooth muscle type ATP-sensitive K+ channel. Isomoto, S., Kondo, C., Yamada, M., Matsumoto, S., Higashiguchi, O., Horio, Y., Matsuzawa, Y., Kurachi, Y. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
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